Phalloplasty Surgery Procedures
The development of procedures for phalloplasty has followed those of general reconstructive surgery. Bogoras first reported a total penile reconstruction using a tubularized pedicled abdominal flap in 1936. Several different procedures with local flaps followed. In the 1980s, the introduction of microvascular free flaps transfer started a new era of reconstructive surgery which had a great impact on phalloplasty. Free flap phalloplasty is now the more common approach, though some surgeons and patients still prefer local flap techniques.
Pedicled Flap Phalloplasty
Kim Phalloplasty - Pedicled groin flaps
Bird-Wing Abdominal Phalloplasty - Stanford bipedicled infra-umbilical skin flap
Free Flap Phalloplasty
Island Tensor Fasciae Latae free flap
- Bogoras, N. Uber die volle plastische Wiederherstellung eines zum Koitus fahigen Penis (Peniplastica totalis). Zentralbl. Chir., 1936, 22: p. 1271 - 6.
- Ranno, R. Phalloplasty [pdf]